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# The Basics of Blackjack

Blackjack is a game that has evolved many times throughout its history. Some changes are major, while others are subtle. The game’s name, “blackjack,” is believed to be a precursor to the French term “vingt-e-un,” which means “20 and one.” Regardless of its origin, the game is considered to have originated in France.

## Procedures

Procedures for blackjack are important to ensure the safety and fairness of the game. Proper card counting techniques can ensure that the dealer’s deck is dealt with the correct numbers of cards. The player must understand the rules for determining the correct depth of penetration and adjusting the betting amount accordingly.

## Basic strategy

A good blackjack strategy will help you make the best decisions no matter what happens in the game. It will reduce the house edge to a minimum and minimize your losses to a maximum. Basic blackjack strategy is based on mathematics and does not rely on bias. These strategies are easy to follow and are typically presented in a table so that they are easy to memorize.

## Aces count as either 1 or 11

In blackjack, aces count as either 1 or 11 depending on their value. The Ace counts as 11 unless the player or dealer exceeds 21, in which case it counts as 1. The simplest example of this is when a player is dealt a pair of 10s and a six and draws a nine. The total of this hand is 25.

## Surrendering

In blackjack, surrendering allows you to give up half of your bet in exchange for a second chance. Typically, this option is available only after the initial deal. However, in some blackjack variants, you can only surrender after hitting or splitting. Regardless, a surrender move can be advantageous when you have a weak starting hand and are up against a strong dealer upcard.

## Hitting on a soft 17

Hitting on a soft 17 in blackjack is an option that increases the player’s edge compared to doubling down on this situation. The house advantage in hitting on a soft 17 is 0.22%. However, it is important to note that the rules of your particular blackjack table may vary.

## Taking insurance

The game of blackjack has many strategies and betting options, but among them is the option of taking insurance. However, it comes with a cost, and insurance is a risky bet that often has more outcomes than breaking even. It is best not to take insurance when you have a good hand.